HPV Vaccine: Things to Know

Updated: Sep 16, 2019


WHAT IS HPV?


HPV stands for Human Papilloma Virus. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in both men and women. In fact, it is so common that nearly all sexually active men and women have the virus at some point in their lives. There are many different strains of HPV, many of which are harmless. Some strains, however, have been shown to cause adverse health problems such as genital warts and cancer. The HPV vaccine is designed to protect against some of the worse strains of HPV and the negative health effects associated with them.


THE VACCINE


The HPV Vaccine is a series of 3 injections administered over a 6 month period to protect against infection by certain HPV strains and the health problems they can cause (including cervical cancer). Read on to learn about efficacies, types, side effects, costs, and more about the HPV vaccine.

What types of HPV vaccines exist?

There are currently three types of HPV vaccines on the global market: Gardasil, Cervarix, and Gardasil 9. The chart below shows the differences between each of the three HPV vaccines so you can decide which is best for you or your child.


What are some side effects of the HPV vaccine?


While all three types of the HPV vaccine have been approved internationally, recipients of the vaccine may experience mild side effects immediately after receiving the injection. These side effects are typical of many vaccines and include:

• Temporary pain at the injection site

• Temporary redness and swelling at the injection site

• Muscle or joint pain

• Mild-moderate fever after the injection

• Dizziness and nausea after the injection

Extreme side effects such as persistent fever, vomiting, and other adverse allergic reactions are very rare. Nonetheless, if you experience any extreme adverse effects after receiving the HPV vaccination, contact your doctor immediately.


Who should get the HPV vaccine?


The HPV vaccine is recommended for boys and girls from the ages of 9-26 years old. It is most effective when administered well before the patient becomes sexually active, since the vaccine cannot protect entirely against HPV strains that have already been contracted. However, HPV can also be taken by sexually active males and females above the age of 26 years as a catch-up treatment.


Who should not get the HPV vaccine?


Anyone who has had a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction to a dose of the HPV vaccine should discontinue the vaccine series and not get another dose. Similarly, anyone who has an allergy to any of the components of HPV vaccine should not get the vaccine. While these are both very rare cases, make sure to check with your doctor before beginning the vaccine!


If you have any further questions about HPV and/or the HPV vaccine or wish to make an appointment to get the vaccine, reach out to us at 02-018-7585, info@medconsultasia.com, or message us on facebook!


Sources:

http://www.cdc.gov/std/hpv/stdfact-hpv.htm

http://www.cdc.gov/hpv/vaccine.html

http://www.cancer.gov/types/cervical/research/gardasil9-prevents-more-HPV-types



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