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What is the thyroid?

The thyroid is an endocrine gland in the front of your neck which wraps around your windpipe and is located above the adam’s apple in men. Its function is to produce hormones which regulate your body’s metabolism, many of your body’s processes slow down when not enough of these hormones are produced. Thyroid hormones increase your metabolic rate by stimulating appetite as well as the breakdown and absorption of nutrients. As thyroid hormones increase oxygen consumption, it is no surprise that thyroid production rises during the winter months. 


What is ‘low thyroid’?

Hypothyroidism or ‘low thyroid’ is when your thyroid is underactive and doesn’t produce enough hormones. This causes your metabolism to be lowered as well as your respiratory and cardiovascular activities. Hypothyroidism is more common in women, however men as well as children can have an underactive thyroid and babies can be born with it.

Some common symptoms include: fatigue, cold intolerance, slow heart rate and weight gain despite a decreased appetite. While there are also some other, more ambiguous, issues that may suggest you have an underactive thyroid such as: heavy menstrual bleeding, constipation, depression, muscle aches as well as dry skin and hair. Hypothyroidism may also lead to goiter which is the swelling of the thyroid gland. However, the only way to know for sure if you have an underactive thyroid is to have a blood test as symptoms develop slowly and are often confused with menopause.

The two main causes of hypothyroidism are Hashmitos’ thyroiditis, an autoimmune disease in which the thyroid gland is gradually destroyed or an iodine deficiency.  Hypothyroidism is usually treated with thyroid replacement therapy alongside regular blood tests until your levothyroxine reaches the normal level- which may take a while, so be patient! Once your levothyroxine levels have reached the approved amount, you will only need to have an annual checkup. However, it is crucial that if you suspect you have this very treatable condition that you seek a medical professional as if left untreated it can develop into heart disease or as aforementioned.

What is ‘high thyroid’?

Hyperthyroidism is when the thyroid gland produces too many hormones which is also often caused by an autoimmune disease called Grave’s disease which results in an overproduction of the hormone immunoglobulin. As well as lumps on the thyroid and some medications to treat arrhythmia.

The symptoms are pretty much the antithesis of those for hypothyroidism consisting of: hand tremors, increased heart rate or heart palpitations and weight loss despite an increased hunger. Some other symptoms include: irritability, insomnia, diarrhea, muscle weakness, anxiety, irregular menstrual cycles and sweating. However, hyperthyroidism is harder to spot in older people but a noticeable sign is feeling lethargic during ordinary activities.

An overactive thyroid can cause several health problems if it’s not well treated including: eye problems, pregnancy complications and potentially a sudden and potentially lethal flare up of symptoms. There are various treatments for hyperthyroidism including: antithyroid medication or radioactive iodine which destroys cells in the thyroid, reducing the overproduction of hormones. In severe cases, hyperthyroidism can also be treated with surgery to remove parts of the gland.

So, what is
Thyroid – S medication?

Thyroid-S is the medicine used to treat Hypothyroidism (low thyroid) and manage the symptoms that arise with this condition such as weight gain, fatigue and decreased appetite. You will be guided on the dosage required by a doctor and will also require regular blood testing to monitor the thyroid hormone levels in the blood.

How to take Thyroid-S medication?

One box usually contains 500 tablets, with each tablet being 60mg. A typical dose is 30-250mg daily depending on what is recommended by your doctor after they review your blood test results and monitor your response to the treatment over a period of time. The success of Thyroid-S in restoring normal blood thyroid hormone levels is usually noticed by the patient within a few weeks of starting the treatment.

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